Печат Печат
Observation mission

Election Observation Mission

Early Presidential Elections, April 11, 2018
​Republic of Azerbaijan

​On 5th of February, the president of Republic of Azerbaijan announced early presidential election to be held on 11th of April. Following part II of the Order of President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, dated February 5, 2018[1], the Central Election Commission of the Republic of Azerbaijan (CEC) decides to appoint Early Presidential Elections to 11th of  April 2018.

The President of the Republic of Azerbaijan is elected for a 7-year term by way of universal, direct and equal suffrage, by free, personal and secret ballot. If no candidate receives a majority of votes, a second round is held on the second Sunday after the first round between the two candidates with the highest number of votes.
Azerbaijan is a unitary semi-presidential republic. The President of the Republic is the Head of the state of Azerbaijan and represents the state of Azerbaijan both within the country and in its foreign relations, according to the Constitution.
  • The President appoints chairs of the Cabinet of Ministers and appoints the executive authorities at central and regional level, as well as the Vice Presidents;
  • The President also proposes the judges of the Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, Economic Court, and other courts, as well as the Prosecutor General, to be appointed by the parliament;
  • The President calls the elections to the Milli Majlis (Parliamentary Elections) of the Republic of Azerbaijan
  • The President has the right to call extraordinary presidential elections;
  • The President enjoys immunity. In addition, his honor and dignity shall be protected by law.
The above-mentioned provides an evidence that according to Constitution, the political system and state structure of Republic of Azerbaijan are highly centralized. The president concentrates a huge executive power as well as enormous responsibility for the stability of the state and its successful economic and cultural development. This responsibility becomes even greater in the current geopolitical situation of extreme instability in Europe, the Middle East and most of the countries that Azerbaijan borders.

GISDI considers the current geopolitical situation as a background for Azerbaijan Early Presidential Elections on April 11, 2018. The election observation complies with the international standards for democratic and fair elections. Alongside with them GISDI considers the specific political, economic and cultural profile of Republic of Azerbaijan. The assessment of the level of democracy in the electoral process as well as improvement towards democratization should be done by analogy with similar presidential republics as the USA and France, Turkey and Kazakhstan, etc. In the recent 3-4 years all of them are in a process of centralization of power with one dominant party, strengthening the power of the President and his role in the society. In all of them the modus of democracy is moving from a neo-liberal model towards specific forms of centralized democracy.

Following an invitation to observe the Early Presidential Elections on April 11, 2018 by the Central Election Commission GISDI is organizing an international election observation mission. The mission is headed by Mihail Mirchev, Dr. Sc. The analytical Core team of the mission consists of political, legal, election, media and civil society analysts. The election day, the day pre- and post e-day will be observed by 80 short term observers – all of them are Members of Parliament, university professors mainly form South-Eastern Europe.

The purpose of the mission is to assess democracy and fairness of the electoral process, election campaign environment, preparation and organization of the elections as well as e-day and post e-day activity. To achieve its purpose GISDI is planning to:
  • Monitor the Azerbaijan election administration institutions – Central Election Commission (CEC), Constituency Election Commissions (ConEC), Precinct Election Commissions (PEC) in the period of election campaign, on the election day and the day after e-day;
  • Media monitoring
  • Conduct a set of in-depth interviews with key interlocuters (List of meetings): 
Based on the obtained information, different points of view and assessments of campaign and electoral process GISDI will give recommendations for further improvement of the electoral process and democratization.
GISDI understands its responsibility to CEC, to international standards of democratic elections, to Azerbaijan civil society in conducting the election observation mission – reporting findings and giving recommendations for further improvement.
CEC Invitation Letter to GISDI

CEC Invitation 445 Kb (pdf) свали

Печат Печат

» Azer EOM 2018 » Observation mission